Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
The School of Philanthropy
Research Studies

2013 Congregational Economic Impact Study



  • How are the different forms of religious expression in the U.S. doing financially following the greatest economic upheaval since the Great Depression?

  • What are the most significant factors influencing how religious congregations are coping financially today and in the recent past?

  • What strategies are congregations employing to cope with and confront their changing financial environment?

  • What are the current trends in the use of electronic tools and media in terms of financial management and fundraising?

To answer these and other key questions, this study, the second in a series, examines the impact of the economic environment on a sample of U.S. congregations. This study was conducted by the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy and Lake Institute on Faith & Giving at Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, in partnership with the Alban Institute, the National Association of Church Business Administration (NACBA), Indianapolis Center for Congregations, and MAXIMUM Generosity.

The objective of this study is to provide information to those interested in the wellbeing of American congregations about how congregations are coping with and confronting not only recent economic events, but also the gradual, long-term changes taking place in the landscape of U.S. religious life. The first two studies in this series will set the foundation for a longitudinal framework in studying U.S. congregational life in future years.

This study includes responses from 3,103 U.S. congregations, of which nearly two-thirds are Mainline Protestant, a quarter are Evangelical Protestant, and the rest are other Christian denominations (such as Historically Black or Catholic), Jewish, or “other” (such as unaffiliated congregations).ii Congregations were asked a series of questions about their finances following the Great Recession, which officially ended in the summer of 2009, as well as questions about their most current finances, including 2011 and 2012. This study also incorporated questions about congregations’ use of electronic giving tools to shed better light on how these forms of payment might be influencing congregational finances.

This study informs not only overall financial trends of surveyed congregations, but also how specific types of congregations talked about money and fared financially during the recession and its aftermath.

Download the report